Snowy Winter-Themed Science Crafts 

By: Amy Chung

January 17, 2023

Winter makes up almost half of the months in Canada! That’s a long time to enjoy lots of fun winter activities with your children! Whether you prefer staying bundled up indoors or relishing the chilly weather and snow outdoors, you can try out some of these wintery science crafts this season!

Snow Volcano

Vinegar and baking soda mixture serves as an effective cleaning solution at home, but it can also create a safe chemistry reaction for your children to experience and observe!

You Will Need:

·      Vinegar

·      Baking soda

·      Food colouring (any colour)

·      Snow

·      Dish soap 

·      Tall cup/plastic bottle

·      1/4 cup of water 



Salt Snowflakes

Have any excess salt in your kitchen? Use them to make at-home snowflakes for your children to have fun and work on their fine-motor skills at the same time! 

You will need:

·      Salt

·      White glue

·      Water

·      Food colouring or watercolour (any colour)

·      Dropper/pipette or a small paintbrush

·      White cardstock, watercolour paper, or printing paper

·      Optional: snowflake template



Homemade Snow Globe

Snow globes are fun to play with and can even serve as décor pieces at your home, so why not make them? Forget about the generic snow globes and let your children make their own custom DIY snow globes to shake and play with this winter! 

You will need:

·      Mason jar/clear container with lid

·      Glycerin

·      Waterproof glue 

·      Glitter

·      Figurines (e.g., a snowman)



Indoor Science Experiments

By: Shaneene Heupel

October 28, 2022

With warmer jackets, shoes, and drinks, changing leaves, and crisp air, Fall is in full swing! If you’re looking for some fun activities to fill up your weekend, check out some of these fun indoor experiments!

Eggshell Geode Crystals

You Will Need:

·      Clean eggshells

·      Water

·      A soluble solid (e.g., salt, sugar, baking soda, borax)

·      Small heat proof container (e.g., a coffee cup)

·      Spoon

·      Food colouring

·      Egg cartons 

·      Wax paper 


1.    Crack the eggs open (as close to the narrow end as possible). 

2.    Carefully clean the eggshells with hot water (be sure to remove all the egg membrane, to avoid molding). 

3.    Place the eggs in an egg carton lined with waxed paper. 

4.    Bring the water to a boil in a saucepan. 

5.    Pour half a cup to a cup of water into your heatproof container and add about a ¼ cup of the soluble solid (e.g., salt, sugar, baking soda, etc) to the water, stirring until it dissolves.

6.    Continue adding small amounts of the solid until the water is super-saturated (meaning the water has absorbed all it is able to absorb and any solid you add will not dissolve).

7.   Add food colouring.  

8.   Pour your solution into each eggshell, filling it as full as possible.

9.   And now we wait for the crystals to form! Crystals will form as the water dissolves, this can take up to 24 hours. Find a safe spot to put your shells while you wait!

The Science Explained:

The Eggshell Geode Crystals you created  demonstrates how real-life geodes are formed in igneous and sedimentary rock! What we can also see in the crystal formation is how the crystals form unique shapes and formations - no two rocks are the same!


Lava in a Cup

You will need:

·      Clear drinking glass

·      1/4 cup vegetable oil

·      1 teaspoon salt

·      Water

·      Food colouring


1.    Fill the glass about 3/4 full of water 

2.    Add about 5 drops to the water. 

3.    Slowly add the vegetable oil into the water.

4.    Now for the cool part: sprinkle salt ontop of the oil.

5.    Watch as blobs of lava move up and down in the glass!

6.    To keep the lava going, continue to add teaspoons of salt. 

The Science Explained:

Why is the oil floating? The oil floats on top of the water because it is lighter than the water!

How is the oil moving? Since the salt is heavier than oil, it sinks down into the water and takes some oil with it, then the salt dissolves and the oil quickly floats back to the top!


Outdoor Summer Crafts

By: Jillian Rioux

July 28, 2022

We’re now well into the dog days of summer, which means it’s a great time to get outside! Here are a few activities you can do with your little one, while soaking up the warm, summer sun!

Citrus Cup Bird Feeders

You Will Need:

·      Empty citrus rinds – lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit, or any others you may have

·      Baker’s twine (regular twine would work too!)

·      Large needle

·      Pushpin

·      Bowl

·      Spoon

·      Bird seed

·      Natural peanut butter (any natural nut butter would work!)


1.     Thread the needle and tie a knot at the end.

2.     Push the needle through one side of the citrus cup, in the middle, and push it straight through the other side. If you have a tough rind, this may require a bit of force. Poke the holes in for your child, and have them pull the needle the rest of the way through!

3.     Once the twine is pulled all the way through, pull up on the centre of the twine to create a long loop for hanging. 

4.     Turn the citrus a quarter, and poke the needle through the rind again, this time ensuring that the new holes are perpendicular to the first ones.

5.     Pull the second string up in the centre to meet the first, and tie a knot on the outside of the citrus cup to secure everything. Set aside.

6.     Pour some bird seed into your bowl and mix in about a tablespoon of natural peanut (or other nut) butter. This gives the bird seed some ‘stick’, so it doesn’t all fall out of your citrus rind!

7.     Have your little one scoop in the bird seed mixture, one scoop at a time, into each of the citrus rinds. 

8.     Done! You can now decorate your yard with your citrus bird feeders. They can be placed in trees, bushes, or can hang from a hook!


Pour Painted Pots

You will need:

·      Newspaper, tarp, or a drop cloth

·      Bricks or blocks

·      Terracotta pots

·      Tape

·      Acrylic paint

·      Optional: Mod Podge or varnish 


1.     Lay out some newspaper, tarp, or a drop cloth. Lay out bricks or blocks for the pots to sit on.

2.     Have your little one pour paint on top of the pot. Keep adding new colours on top of the old ones until they drip off the edges, and run down the sides of the pot. Your child can add as many colours as they want!

3.     Once your child is satisfied with their masterpiece, leave the pot to dry. This can take some time, depending on how much paint was added.

4.     Optional: Once the paint is dry, you can add a varnish or Mod Podge to seal in your little one’s beautiful creation!

5.     Feel free to fill the pot with soil and plant some seeds, or fill with fake flowers!


Sidewalk Chalk Paint

You will need:

·      Bowl

·      Whisk, fork, or spoon

·      Muffin tin or painting tray

·      Cornstarch

·      Water

·      Food colouring

·      Paint brushes


1.     Mix together 1/2 cup of cornstarch and 2/3 cup water, until the cornstarch dissolves. A whisk can be helpful for combining these together, but a fork or spoon will work, as well!

2.     Once combined, divide the mixture into the wells of a muffin tin or painting tray.

3.     Add food colouring to each well to achieve your desired colours. 

Note: The colours will dry much lighter on the sidewalk than they appear in the muffin tin!

4.     Time to paint! Head out to the sidewalk, grab some paint brushes, and let your little one’s creative side shine!


Fun Nature Crafts

By: Julianna Lu

Spring has sprung! Here are a couple of fun and creative nature crafts that you can try with your little one! 

Suncatcher Wind Chimes 

You Will Need:

·      Contact/self-adhesive paper

·     Marker/pen

·     Rings from mason jar lids

·     Scissors

·     Stick (optional)

·     String

·     Tape


1.   Using the ring from a Mason jar lid, trace a circle onto the contact paper (non-adhesive side). Trace as many circles as you wish to make. It might be helpful to tape the contact paper onto your working surface to prevent the paper from slipping. 

2.    On a flat surface, peel the cover from the adhesive side of the contact paper. Make sure that the sticky side is facing up.  

3.   Stick on nature items (e.g., leaves, flower pedals, etc) to fill in the circles. Be as creative as you like! 

4.   Once you have the desired look, place another piece of contact paper over top and flatten gently. 

5.   Carefully use the scissor to cut out the circles that were traced. It might be helpful to cut the circle slightly smaller than the tracing, so that they can fit snug into the mason jar ring. 

6.   Before placing the circle cutouts into the mason jar ring, cut some pieces of string. The string will be used to hang your suncatcher, so the length can be as short/long as you’d like! 

7.    Tie a knot around the ring with the cut string. 

8.   Push the suncatcher circles into the mason jar ring. Use a piece of tape to secure it in place. 

9.   Voila! You have just made your own suncatcher! Hang them outside or indoors! Optional step: Tie each individual suncatcher onto a stick, so that they can hang together. 


Mason Jar Terrarium 

You will need:

·     Mason jar or any recycled jar

·     Moss (optional, you can find this in your yard)

·     Pebbles and/or rocks

·     Potting soil

·     Small plant (e.g., succulents, seeds) 

·     Spoon


1.   To begin layering your mason jar terrarium, place some pebbles at the bottom of the jar. Try to place the bigger pebbles/rocks toward the bottom of the jar. The purpose of this is to ensure that our terrarium has appropriate drainage (we don’t want to drown our plants!). Fill your jar with pebbles/rocks until it reaches about ¼ to ⅓ of the jar’s height.

2.   Next, carefully add a layer of dried moss, which you can find in your yard. This step is optional. The moss also helps with the drainage. 

3.   Using a spoon, carefully layer soil on top of the moss and/or pebbles. The height of the soil should match or slightly exceed the height of the pebbles (e..g, ¼ to ⅓ of the jar’s height). You want to ensure that the layer of soil is deep enough for roots to grow. 

4.   Hollow out a shallow hole in the soil; this is where you will place your plant/seed. 

5.   If you are planting a seed: place the seed in the shallow hole. 

        If you are planting a succulent: Before placing the succulent in your terrarium, very gently, break away some of the soil around the roots. Loosening the roots before planting allows the roots to spread and grow in all directions. 

6.   Place the succulent into the shallow hole created from Step 4. 

7.   Carefully cover the roots or seed with the soil. 

8.   Top your soil layer with a thin layer of pebbles or moss and add any fun decorations! (e.g., toy dinosaurs) 


Activities for Kids That Explore Their Sense of Smell!

By: Venus Ho

Many sensory activities that kids do are touch-focused, but kids can learn a lot by using their other senses too. In this article, we share 3 activities that you and your child can do to explore their sense of smell with their nose! In each activity, you can also encourage discussion with your child and promote language development by talking about:

- The different colours

- How to describe different scents

- What the scent reminds your child of

- Any foods your child has tried with a similar scent

Smell & Guess

You Will Need:

·      A blender

·     A variety of fruits that you can blend (e.g., strawberry, grape, banana)

·     Containers to put the blended fruits into

·      Sticky notes

·      Pen


1.   For each fruit that you have, blend them separately into a smoothie. For example, if you have bananas, grapes, and cherries, you would blend them all separately so you would end up with 3 different smoothies - one banana, one grape, and one cherry.

2.    Pour each smoothie into a container. 

3.   Label each container with a different number (e.g, from 1-3) using a sticky note. Keep an answer key for yourself so you know which container has which fruit.

4.   Ask your child to smell each container and guess which fruit each container has. 

Optional: You can also ask your child to do a taste test for each container. This will allow them to explore their sense of taste as well!


Spice Paint

You will need:

·      A variety of different coloured paints (e.g., white, yellow, brown)

·      A variety of different spices (e.g., vanilla, turmeric, cinnamon)

·      Paintbrushes

·      Containers for the paint

·      Paper to paint on 


1.    Mix in a dash of spice into each paint. You can choose to match the colour of the paint with each spice (white paint with vanilla, yellow paint with turmeric, and brown paint with cinnamon) or get creative! The more spice you add, the stronger the fragrance will be.

2.   Give your child a paintbrush and a piece of paper! While they paint, they will be able to smell the different scents!


Matching Tea Bags

You will need:

·      Different flavours of tea bags (the more flavours, the better!)


1.   For each flavour of tea, leave 1 tea bag inside the packaging and take 1 tea bag out. You can set aside the remaining tea bags for future activities.

2.   Ask your child to smell the tea bag inside the packaging and to match the scent with the individual tea bags.


Crafting with Food: Winter themed dessert recipes to try with kids

By: Olivia Ng

Having to stay at home can be a difficult experience for kids and parents. However, finding activities to do together can be a fun way for your kids to improve their cognitive and language development! This blog presents some collaborative winter-themed crafting recipes for the family, but are simple enough for your kids to do on their own. To encourage your kids to think about the activities, you can ask them questions such as, “Why does the chocolate melt when it’s hot but not the banana or pretzels? What month is it now? So this is a winter month – what is a summer month? What kinds of things could we make in the summer?” You can also teach them about numbers and counting, tastes and textures, and states of matter (i.e., melting). This can be a fun experience to relieve boredom while at home, as well as a hands-on way to teach concepts and develop skills!

Chocolate Pinecones 

You Will Need:

·      3 cups Chocolate Fiber One Cereal (can also use Chex Chocolate Cereal)

·     6 pretzel rods

·     1⁄2 cup peanut butter

·     1⁄4 cup Nutella chocolate hazelnut spread

·     3 tablespoons butter, softened

·     1 cup powdered sugar (+ 1⁄4 cup for dusting on top)


1.   Mix the peanut butter, Nutella, butter and powdered sugar in a bowl.

2.   Take a pretzel rod and mould some of the mixture around it, forming a cone shape.

3.   Hold it steady by using the tip of the pretzel as a handle, and start inserting pieces of cereal into the mixture in a symmetrical pattern around the stick. Add more cereal pieces, staggering them as you move upward until you get near the top.

4.    If the pine cone is getting too tall, cut off the top of the pretzel and add more of the mixture to mold over the top so none of the broken pretzels are showing.

5.   Break apart cereal pieces to create smaller scales near the top.

6.    For a “snowy” effect, dust each pine cone with powdered sugar.



Marshmallow Snowmen 

You will need:

·      1 banana

·      ½ cup of chocolate chips

·      3 M&M pieces

·      4 pieces of white chocolate



1.    Microwave chocolate chips in a bowl for 1 minute, taking them out to stir after 30 seconds.

2.   Cut the banana in half.

3.   Dip the pointed ends into the chocolate until the top and sides have been covered.

4.   Attach 2 pieces of white chocolate onto the top of each banana as the eyes and half of an orange M&M as a beak. Also, attach two halved orange M&M’s at the bottom of the banana for the penguin’s feet.



Snowman Oreos

You will need:

·     1 Package Oreo Cookies

·     1/2 lb Almond Bark or Candy coating

·     1/4 cup Regular Chocolate Chips

·     1/4 cup Mini Chocolate Chips

·     1/4 cup Candy Corn


1.   Melt the almond bark in short increments in the microwave in a small bowl, stirring occasionally until smooth.

2.   Place an Oreo in the melted almond bark. Flip it using a large fork. Ensure the cookie is completely coated. Keeping the fork tines level, gently tap the handle of the fork on the rim of the bowl. Use a straight up and down motion so the cookie doesn’t slide off of the fork. This will give a nice smooth coating on top of the cookie. Place the cookie on a piece of wax or parchment paper.

3.    To build the face start with the nose. Place an ear of Candy corn right in the middle of the cookie

4.   Next, stick two regular Chocolate Chips, pointy end down, just above the Candy corn for the eyes.

5.   Place 6 Mini Chocolate Chips beneath the Candy corn to make a smile.

6.   Let cool and set for at least 20 minutes.

7.   Store in an airtight container.



Winter Themed Science Experiments

By: Emily Stonehouse

Crystal Snowflake Ornaments

You Will Need:

·      Borax

·     Water

·     Large jar/vase

·     Craft sticks/pencils

·     String

·     Pipe cleaners

·     Paper towel


1.   Cut your pipe cleaner into thirds, place the pieces together and twist the center to hold them together and pull the 6 sides to look like a snowflake

2.   Cut 6 1.5” pieces of pipe cleaner and twist one onto each arm to make it look more like a snowflake

3.    Tie a long piece of string to the center of the snowflake and wrap the other end around a pencil

4.    Dissolve 3 tablespoons of borax powder in a cup of boiling water and then fill your jar with the solution

5.   Hang your snowflakes inside the jar. They should be fully emerged but not touching the sides/bottoms of the jar. Use the pencil on the other end of the string across the top of the jar to hold it in place

6.    Leave them for a couple of hours to start seeing changes, leave alone for 24 hours although you can keep checking in to watch the crystals grow!

7.    Gently lift the snowflakes our and leave them to dry on paper towels for about a hour, then they’re ready to hang up and enjoy!


Bird Seed Ornaments

You will need:

·      1/2 cup cold water 

·      1/2 cup boiling water

·      2 packages of gelatin

·      2 tablespoons of corn syrup

·      2.5 cups of bird seed

·      Cookie cutters

·      Straws

·      Parchment paper

·      String



1.    Mix the gelatin with the cold water until it completely dissolves, then add the boiling water and stir slowly until completely dissolved again

2.   Add the corn syrup and stir again until dissolved

3.   Mix in the bird seed, keep mixing until the seeds are evenly coated and leave to rest for a couple minutes

4.   Spoon the seed mixture into the cookie cutters until they are about half filled and use parchment paper to press the seeds firmly into the molds. Fill the cookie cutters to the top and press down again

5.   To make a hole for the string, push the straw into the birdseed making sure to leave lots of room between the straw hole and the edge

6.   Put your ornaments into the fridge overnight to set, and to remove gently push the edges until it falls out. Take out the straws and insert your string for hanging

7.  Done! Now you can hang your ornaments outside and watch the birds enjoy their delicious winter treat!


Melting Ice

You will need:

·       Bowls/dishes to make the ice 

·       Large tray with sides

·       Salt

·       Liquid watercolours or food colouring

·      Droppers or a spoon 


1.     Make the ice. For more fun and experimentation, create different sizes of ice using different shaped/sized bowls or winter themed ice trays

2.     Set up your melting station by placing your ice shapes in a large tray with raised sides

3.     Add salt- more salt will cause the ice to melt faster so start with a little bit and add more as desired

4.     Add colours to your melting ice! The colours are not only beautiful but emphasize the tunnels/cracks forming in the ice as it melts from the salt


Halloween Science Experiments

By: Emily Stonehouse

You will need:


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Crafts You Can Do at Home!

Easy, Fun Activities Using Materials You Have at Home!

By: Terryn Kim & Mo Pabla

As September is approaching, so is the Back-To-School and Fall season! To celebrate these seasons, we compiled a few fun activities you can do at home.

We hope you enjoyed making these as much as we did! If you try any of these activities, please share your results with us on Facebook or Instagram (@uwcoral) so we can see them!  

Pinecone Apple Tree



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Elephant Toothpaste



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Leaf Imprints



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Science You Can Do at Home!

Easy, Fun Experiments Using Materials You Have at Home!

By: Olivia Halley & Emily Stonehouse, MA

Thanks for participating in our activities and contributing to our research! Now that you’re a Jr. Scientist, we’ve compiled some experiments you can do from home. These experiments use common household materials and are easy and fun for all ages. Work together to learn more about science! 

We hope you enjoy these science experiments and learn something new! If you try any of these activities, please share your results with us on Facebook or Instagram (@uwcoral) so we can see them!  

Coffee Ground Fossils



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Sensory Tube



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Tornado in a Jar



Note: When testing this experiment, Olivia used a large pickle jar which produced large tornadoes, however, the size made it hard to shake properly. We suggest using a smaller jar if available because it would be easier for little ones to hold, as well as potentially using a hard plastic container since it is safer if the jar/container were to be knocked over or dropped.